HUMN 8237 Vocabulary Trends on Food Insecurity Summarized Analysis

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Does the program work? This is probably the most basic question asked when doing program evaluation. It seems simple, but is not always the easiest question to answer. You cannot answer that question if you do not have a way to evaluate the program. Being familiar with the vocabulary and trends in evaluation will help you decide the best way to evaluate your program. As a human and social services professional, it is important to know that your programs are having a positive impact on individuals and/or communities. When changes in the field happen, new vocabulary is introduced. For example, it was not until the 1970s that evaluators began to use logic models. Other trends build off previous ones. When Targeting Outcomes of Programs (TOP) was introduced in 1994, it was an extension of Bennett’s (1975) hierarchy. HUMN 8237 Vocabulary Trends on Food Insecurity Summarized Analysis
For last week’s Assignment, you completed an annotated bibliography of evaluation glossaries. For this week’s Discussion, you share a synthesis of your findings with your colleagues.
To Prepare:

Reflect on the evaluation glossaries you located in Week 8 in your field or the evaluation field generally.

 
 
Post a summarized analysis of your overall findings and hyperlinks to at least three glossaries from last week’s annotated bibliography. There is no limit to the number of hyperlinks you may provide as long as you provide a logical reflection about each. You should present the hyperlinks in full APA formatting.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Food Insecurity Vocabulary Trends
Walden University
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gundersen, C., & Ziliak, J. P. (2014). Childhood food insecurity in the US: trends, causes, and policy options. The Future of Children, 1-19. Retrieved from: https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1042789.pdf
Gundersen and Ziliak present a focus on food insecurity in the United States. Food insecurity in this context is also referred to as childhood food insecurity. Children are largely affected by food insecurity. Food insecure households have also been defined as a household-level economic and social condition of limited food access. Children in this context are likely to face a host of health problems, including anemia, lower nutrient intake, cognitive challenges, poorer general health, oral health, and increased risk of hospitalization. These conditions, as outlined help, understand the definition of food insecurity. Supplementary government programs have been instituted to help control food security and improve child health. The definition of the term food insecurity, as outlined in this case, is related to other authors who have presented a well-outlined understanding of the term’s development. The taxonomy has provided in this context is broad as it offers a more comprehensive understanding of food insecurity as well as underlying related factors. HUMN 8237 Vocabulary Trends on Food Insecurity Summarized Analysis
Thompson, B., Cohen, M. J., & Meerman, J. (2012). World food insecurity and malnutrition: scope, trends, causes and consequences. The impact of climate change and bioenergy on nutrition (pp. 21-41). Springer, Dordrecht. Retrieved from: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-94-007-0110-6_3
Thompson et al. have provided a wider understanding of world food insecurity. The consideration of food insecurity in this context has focused on a global context and associated with malnutrition. Thus, the definition of food insecurity has incorporated malnutrition. The definition of food insecurity has been associated with different aspects, including compromised physical growth, reduced cognitive function, and increased vulnerability to infectious disease. These concepts have provided a more enhanced understanding of different concepts of food insecurity and how they influence humanity. The vocabulary that has been used is common, which helps understand the different aspects that have been associated with food insecurity. Thompson et al. have outlined that world food insecurity and malnutrition can be used interchangeably. The factors identified in this case, such as shifts in food and agricultural systems, widespread land degradation, and transboundary movement of the disease, are likely to cause food insecurity. The terms that have been used by the authors help identify specific components related to changes in understanding food insecurity. HUMN 8237 Vocabulary Trends on Food Insecurity Summarized Analysis
Gundersen, C., Lohman, B. J., Eisenmann, J. C., Garasky, S., & Stewart, S. D. (2008). Child-specific food insecurity and overweight are not associated with a sample of 10-to 15-year-old low-income youth. The Journal of nutrition, 138(2), 371-378. Retrieved from: https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/138/2/371/4665044
Gundersen et al. present an understanding of terms that help understand the concept of food insecurity.The authors have focused on explaining the association between overweight and food insecurity. The authors have focused on diet and nutritional status, which explain food insecurity. The key elements assessedhelp understand the term food insecurity and the underlying factors that are defined. The terms overweight and food insecurity coexist among low-income children. The authors have also identified that around 25% of food-insecure children were overweight. Low income is a key term that is being used to create a relationship with food insecurity. The underlying focus on key concepts that have been defined in this case shows that low-income families are more likely to be food insecure. The terms used in this case also show a higher association between the weight and presence of food security. The taxonomy encompasses a wide array of concepts that focus on explaining food insecurity.
Minkoff-Zern, L. A. (2014). Hunger amidst plenty: Farmworker food insecurity and coping strategies in California. Local Environment, 19(2), 204-219. Retrieved from: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13549839.2012.729568
Minkoff-Zern has provided an extensive understanding of food security. A new terminology that has been used to define food insecurity is hunger. The author has used California, who, despite being major producers of agricultural products, remain largely food insecure. Food assisted programs have also been defined in this context, referring to a commitment to control food insecurity. The terminologies that have been used in this research are comparable to other researches that have focused on extensively understanding the concept of food insecurity. Other terminologies that have been associated with food insecurity in this article include farmworkers, community gardens, food banks, and agricultural knowledge.  A broader understanding of these concepts presents a wider knowledge of specific processes that embrace change ad help understand food insecurity as an evolving concept. The taxonomies that have been evaluated in this article help associate hunger and food insecurity. Hunger is a more traditional term that has been in existence for long but defines a lack of food.
 
 
 
Chilton, M., & Booth, S. (2007). Hunger of the body and hunger of the mind: African American women’s perceptions of food insecurity, health, and violence. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, 39(3), 116-125. Retrieved from:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1499404606008128
Chilton and Booth present a diverse focus on food insecurity with a key definition of new terminologies that explain food insecurity. In this case, Food Insecurity has been associated with the hunger of the mind’s body and hunger. The key concepts integrated into this article have focused on understanding these terminologies concerning food insecurity. The reference to the African American population has been mainly due to low income and a high poverty rate.Thus, food insecurity is linked to poverty and low-income levels among African American individuals. Presenting a wider understanding of these concepts present a strong context where it is easy to understand the trends in food insecurity and different terms that have been used to explain this concept. Food, hunger, and health are essential concepts assessed in this case, providing a greater consideration of specific elements that improve efficiency and integration. The terms assessed in this article provide a broader understanding of the concept of food insecurity. HUMN 8237 Vocabulary Trends on Food Insecurity Summarized Analysis
Pan, L., Sherry, B., Njai, R., & Blanck, H. M. (2012). Food insecurity is associated with obesity among US adults in 12 states. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 112(9), 1403-1409. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S2212267212007459
Pan et al. present a key term that is used to define food insecurity.  Food stress is a key term that has been used to understand food insecurity through the use of the 2009 Behavioral Risk factor surveillance system within the social context. The article also presentsa definition of food insecurity, which was assessed by the frequency in the last 12 months. An individual has been worried about not having enough money to afford a nutritious meal. Obesity has also been used to determine food insecurity. It is understood that inability to afford nutritious meal limit an individual ability to maintain a positive lifestyle. Thus, obesity has been equated to food insecurity by the authors. This is a broader concept which outlines different aspects that maintain a greater focus on food insecurity. From this article, food stress and obesity are terminologies that have been used to define food insecurity. The concept of food insecurity is broader and can be measured on a system.
Wilde, P. E. (2007). Measuring the effect of food stamps on food insecurity and hunger: research and policy considerations. The Journal of nutrition, 137(2), 307-310. Retrieved from: https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/137/2/307/4664524
The concepts of food insecurity have been effectively identified in this article.  Wilde has explained an understanding of hunger, food insecurity, and food stamps. Individuals who are food insecure can obtain food stamps. Food insecurity and food insecurity with hunger explain the same concept. Low-income individuals are more likely to have a high rate of food insecurity. Thus, policy development in controlling food insecurity identified a diverse concept that helps understand food insecurity. Food insecure families have been defined as low-income earners and eligible for the Food Stamp program. The author has effectively presented a stronger concept which explains food insecurity. The evolution of food insecurity saw the government integrate policy involving food stamps to prevent hunger. Thus, the main terms that have been explained by the author identify a broader understanding of the exact term, which is food insecurity. The taxonomy, as presented by the author, offers a wider perspective in understanding food insecurity.
Garg, A., Toy, S., Tripodis, Y., Cook, J., & Cordella, N. (2015). Influence of maternal depression on household food insecurity for low-income families. Academic pediatrics, 15(3), 305-310. Retrieved from: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1876285914003787
The authors identify the changes in terminology over the years. The author notes that in 2006, the USDA changed food security without hunger and food insecurity with a hunger for food security or very low food security. The change in terminology was mainly aimed at presenting a new approach to food insecurity in low-income families in developed countries. Maternal depression is a concept that has been associated with food security in this context. The ability to present a highly engaged focus on food insecurity presents an understanding of specific factors associated with these changes in terms. Food insecurity adopted a different approach in presenting a clear outline that involves evaluating different processes that need to be effectively evaluated. The terms that have been included in this article present a new perspective in understanding food insecurity. The concepts identified must effectively identify better processes in understanding terminology changes over the years. The terms that have been assessed in this context identify specific processes that help understand food insecurity changes over the years.
Metallinos-Katsaras, E., Gorman, K. S., Wilde, P., & Kallio, J. (2011). A longitudinal study of WIC participation on household food insecurity. Maternal and child health journal, 15(5), 627-633. Retrieved from: https://web.uri.edu/endhunger/files/7_2011_Longitudinal-WIC-participation.pdf
The authors have defined food insecurity as a lack of access to enough food for an active, healthy life. The definition of food insecurity has strong underpinnings for health. The definition of food insecurity has also highlighted low-income families and those with children as those more likely to experience food insecurity. Women, Infant, and Children have also been largely affected by food insecurity. The terms that have been used in this case present a broader understanding of specific elements that help maintain an improved emphasis on the needs of individuals within the society. Linking food insecurity to women, infants, and children has helped understand the major changes that have been made when seeking to have a clear knowledge of food insecurity and trends in terminologies. The greater knowledge of different terminologies has presented a major focus on different processes that help improve the general understanding of food security. Low income has been a mainstay in defining food insecurity. HUMN 8237 Vocabulary Trends on Food Insecurity Summarized Analysis
By, P., Food, T. E., & Programme, S. (2012). FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY. September. Retrieved from: https://coin.fao.org/coin-static/cms/media/16/13666217515680/final-glossary-cambodia.pdf
The article provides a working glossary of more than 150 terms that are related to food nutrition security. The terminologies that have been included in this case have been adopted from fields while focusing on presenting the existing terms that explain food and security. The glossary that has been adopted in this case is intended for individuals across different sectors. Understanding the different existing terms give room to understand the issues from a central point of focus. Some of the key terms that effectively define food insecurity include acute malnutrition, anemia, chronic food insecurity, chronic malnutrition, and comprehensive food insecurity. The broad taxonomy defined in this case presents a higher knowledge of different factors that explain change and general wellbeing and key elements in understanding the trend in food insecurity definition terms. Food security status outlines essential concepts which define key elements that define certainty in terminology trend. The List that has been provided has been crucial in explaining the trend.
Townsend, M. S., Peerson, J., Love, B., Achterberg, C., & Murphy, S. P. (2001). Food insecurity is positively related to overweight in women. The Journal of nutrition, 131(6), 1738-1745. Retrieved from: https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/131/6/1738/4686752
Townsend et al. have presented anunderstanding of new terminologies that define food insecurity. The key terms that have been integrated into this article include food insufficiency, obesity and overweight, food restriction, and disordered eating. The definition of food insecurity, in this case, is the uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe food for human consumption. These terms show a clear change in the definition of food insecurity and terms that have been used. Food insufficiency is a new term introduced to explain food insecurity and the trends in terminologies. The vocabulary used in this context emphasizes the need to create a highly effective understanding of specific concepts that define improved change. The nutritional status of individuals within the community outline key term that expresses a stronger focus on essential processes that define change while building a more enhanced system for change. Another vocabulary that defines food insecurity as used by the authors has been lack of food.
Roustit, C., Hamelin, A., & Martin-fernandez, J. (2010). Food Insecurity: Could School Food Supplementation Help Break Cycles of Intergenerational Transmission of Social Inequalities?June 2014. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2009-3574
The authors have presented a major focus on food insecurity with a focus on children’s wellbeing in schools. In defining food insecurity, there are key terms that have been identified. These terms include self-sufficiency, poverty, and intergenerational transmission of social health inequalities. Building a wider perspective in understanding these changes is based on a broad knowledge of food insecurity and how it influences development. Therefore, the cycle of inequality identifies specific concepts that define food insecurity and individuals likely to be negatively impacted.Household food status is another vocabulary that has been used to explain food insecurity. The physical health and psychosocial functioning at different ages are crucial elements which present a more diverse context where it is possible to help identify the improved understanding of change development. It is important to understand specific processes that identify key terms in understanding food insecurity. The taxonomy considered in this case is brief and offers a limited understanding of trends in terminologies.
Pryor, L., Lioret, S., Waerden, J. Van Der, Fombonne, É., Falissard, B., Melchior, M. (2016). Food insecurity and mental health problems among a community sample of young adults. Retrieved from: https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-01332602/document
Pryor et al. define food insecurity as a lack of physical or economic access to sufficient and safe nutritious food. The definition, in this case, has incorporated economic aspect to food insecurity. The changing definition of food insecurity is mainly concerning the perspective that the author asses the underlying concept. Adverse health outcomes are a consequence of food insecurity. Mental illness associated with food insecurity is mainly about depression as a result of food deprivation. In this context, food insecurity has been linked to socio-economic status and a key marker for extreme material deprivation. The high level of stress and impaired nutrition negatively affects the health of individuals. These terminologies present a diverse understanding of food security, which maintains an improved understanding of specific concepts that shape change and focus on food insecurity. The shortage of food creates a huge imbalance allowing the development of other levels of impairments. The vocabularies used in this case are broad and help understand the trends in food insecurity terminology.
Schutter, O. (2014). Glossary on “Sustainable agriculture, food security and nutrition” (Proposed Goal 2 of OWG “zero draft”). June, 1–9. Retrieved from: https://www.biovision.ch/fileadmin/pdf/sdgs/Glossary_AgriFSNutrition_BV-MI_16062014.pdf
Schutter offers a highly extensive list of food security terms. The terms focus on both security and food insecurity, which is a key concept that has greatly evolved over the years. The wider understanding of these processes has presented a unique consideration of specific elements that help understand food insecurity. The terms that have been outlined include food loss, food price volatility, food waste, and malnutrition. These vocabularies have presented a stronger context where it is crucial in understanding change and different change processes that improve efficiency and change. The author has also provided different references that emphasize basic elements that help develop a broader context for an improved level of engagement. The terms included are fresher terms that are easy to understand and link them to food insecurity. The diverse taxonomy that has been embraced by the author allows generational of new terms that emphasize improved level of development.
Peng, W., & Berry, E. M. (2018). The Concept of Food Security. February 2019. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-100596-5.22314-7
Peng and Berry have provided an understanding of concepts of food insecurity. Food security has been defined as a situation in which all individuals lackphysical, social, and economic access to sufficient and safe food. The addition of the physical aspect when defining food insecurity is a new concept that has been defined in this paper and allows for a higher evaluation. Dimensions of food insecurity have been outlined, which include unavailability, inaccessibility, and lack of utilization. There exists a strong link between individual and national engagement. The government is expected to ensure that there is food security by ensuring food availability. However, in a disorganized society, it is difficult to maintain a higher focus on individual development. The development of a more comprehensive development level presents an improved context where it is possible to understand different terminologies. Thus, the taxonomy utilized in this article s brief and limits vocabularies that help understand food shortage.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trends
Food insecurity is a common concept globally, considering that almost all countries have experienced some form of insecurity over the years. There are different terms from the literature that have shown the evolution of food insecurity.  In the early 2000s, the definition of food insecurity was straightforward as a lack of food (Townsend et al., 2001). According to Chilton and Booth (2007), food insecurity was defined as the hunger of the body and hunger of the mind. The perception of food insecurity has relatively remained the same over the years, considering that food insecurity has been associated with poverty and low income. Almost all of the articles assessed identify major concepts relating to low income and poverty. Wilde (2007) identified the existing strong link between food insecurity and food stamps and hunger. The concepts that have been explained show significant progress, especially in explaining concepts that define food insecurity. A broader concept and evaluation of different measures have presented a well-defined emphasis on change.
Gundersen et al. (2008) present an understanding of terms that help understand the concept of food insecurity. Consideration of high poverty level and low income are main aspects that have been used to explain food insecurity. The impact of food insecurity on the health of individuals, especially children, have also been addressed. Metallinos-Katsaras et al. (2011) assert that children and women are highly impacted by food insecurity.
The concepts of food insecurity have been effectively identified in this article.  Wilde (2007) has explained an understanding of hunger, food insecurity and food stamps. Individuals who are food insecure can obtain food stamps. Food insecurity and food insecurity with hunger explain the same concept. Low-income individuals are more likely to have a high rate of food insecurity. Minkoff-Zern, L. A. (2014) stresses that a broader understanding of these concepts presents a wider knowledge of specific processes that embrace change ad help understand food insecurity as an evolving concept. Overweight and obesity have also been included in defining food insecurity.
Thus, based on the assessment of trends in food insecurity terminology, the underlying concept has remained the same, although there has been slight variation in the definition. The key changes have been associated with social, physical and economic wellbeing of individuals. Maintaining a positive understanding of food insecurity allow determination on basic processes that improve efficiency.