Scenarios Statistical Significance Evaluation Paper

For this Assignment, you will examine statistical significance and meaningfulness based on sample statements.
To prepare for this Assignment:

Review the Week 5 Scenarios found in this week’s      Learning Resources and select two of the four scenarios for this      Assignment.
For additional support, review the Skill      Builder: Evaluating P Values and the Skill Builder:      Statistical Power, which you can find by navigating back to your      Blackboard Course Home Page. From there, locate the Skill Builder link in      the left navigation pane.

For this Assignment:
Critically evaluate the two scenarios you selected based upon the following points:

Critically evaluate the sample size.
Critically evaluate the statements for meaningfulness.
Critically evaluate the statements for statistical      significance.
Based on your evaluation, provide an explanation of the      implications for social change.

Learning Resources
REQUIRED READINGS
Frankfort-Nachmias, C., Leon-Guerrero, A., & Davis, G. (2020). Social statistics for a diverse society (9th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Chapter 8, “Testing      Hypothesis: Assumptions of Statistical Hypothesis Testing” (pp. 241-242)

Wagner, III, W. E. (2020). Using IBM® SPSS® statistics for research methods and social science statistics (7th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Chapter 6, “Testing Hypotheses      Using Means and Cross-Tabulation”

Warner, R. M. (2012). Applied statistics from bivariate through multivariate techniques (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Applied Statistics From Bivariate Through Multivariate Techniques, 2nd Edition by Warner, R.M. Copyright 2012 by Sage College. Reprinted by permission of Sage College via the Copyright Clearance Center.

Applied Statistics From Bivariate Through Multivariate Techniques, 2nd Edition by Warner, R.M. Copyright 2012 by Sage College. Reprinted by permission of Sage College via the Copyright Clearance Center.
Magnusson, K. (n.d.). Welcome to Kristoffer Magnusson’s blog about R, Statistics, Psychology, Open Science, Data Visualization [blog]. Retrieved from http://rpsychologist.com/index.html
As you review this web blog, select [Updated] Statistical Power and Significance Testing Visualization link, once you select the link, follow the instructions to view the interactive for statistical power. This interactive website will help you to visualize and understand statistical power and significance testing.
Note: This is Kristoffer Magnusson’s personal blog and his views may not necessarily reflect the views of Walden University faculty.
American Statistical Association (2016). American Statistical Association Releases Statement on Statistical Significance and P-Values. Retrieved from http://www.amstat.org/newsroom/pressreleases/P-ValueStatement.pdf
As you review this press release, consider the misconceptions and the misuse of p-values in quantitative research.
Document: Week 5 Scenarios (PDF)
Use these scenarios to complete this week’s Assignment.
REQUIRED MEDIA
Laureate Education (Producer). (2016f). Meaningfulness vs. statistical significance [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.
Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 4 minutes.
In this media program, Dr. Matt Jones discusses the differences in meaningfulness and statistical significance. Focus on how this information will inform your Discussion and Assignment for this week.
Accessible player  –Downloads– Download Video w/CC Download Audio Download Transcript
Laureate Education (Producer). (2016n). Halfway point [Video file]. Baltimore, MD: Author.
Note: The approximate length of this media piece is 2 minutes.
In this media program, Dr. Annie Pezalla, Associate Director of Curriculum and Assessment with the Center for Research Quality at Walden University, discusses what you have learned so far in the course. She also discusses what you have to look forward to as well as things to look out for in the remainder of the course.
Accessible player  –Downloads– Download Video w/CC Download Audio Download Transcript
OPTIONAL RESOURCES
Skill Builders:

Evaluating      P Values
Statistical      Power